Dr. Eilat Mazar, of the Institute of Archaeology of the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, as the granddaughter of Benjamin Mazar who excavated the Land of Israel under the British Mandate, participated in archaeological digs from a young age. As a student, she participated in Yigal Shilo’s excavation in the City of David in the 1980’s. She wrote her master’s thesis on the Ophel in Jerusalem from the Iron Age and towards the end of the 1990’s she expressed interest in re-excavating the northern section of the City of David. Her research also deals with the Phoenician culture of the northern coastal plain. Mazar’s most recent excavation in Jerusalem is slightly south of the Temple Mount, in an area that she began excavating twenty years earlier. There she found a large public building, a gateway, and sections of a wall from the First Temple period, probably from the 10th century B.C.E.